Daniel 5:1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand.
Not to make this complicated but I feel that we need to review the line of kings that have come and gone since chapter 1. Father doesn’t give us any history of the kings prior to Nebuchadnezzar because it’s not important.
What Nebuchadnezzar did and how our Father dealt with him is what’s important. But here in chapter 5 we begin with a new king, Belshazzar and I wanted to fill in the gap between:
Nebuchadnezzar, the father. Evil-Merodach, the son. Neriglissar, the son-in-law of Evil-Merodach. Then Labosodarchod, then Naboned (also called Nabonidus) and finally Belshazzar.
Names have a meaning in Scripture and Belshazzar means prince of Baal, Baal being the supreme male god of the Phoenician and the Canaanitish nations. Even his name indicates that he worships pagan gods.
Belshazzar will be the last king of Babylon.
And it might be good to point out that the name of this king is very similar to the Chaldean name that Nebuchadnezzar gave to Daniel, which was Belteshazzar
Ok. Now that you can forget the above, let’s get on with our Father’s Word.
Daniel 5:2 Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein.
Whiles he tasted the wine means that he was already under the influence of the wine and since being half inebriated, good sense seems to have gone out the window, he does something that he may not have done if sober: he sent for the golden vessels that were used in the Temple services and therefore sacred.
They were going to have a party while king Cyrus of Persia was in the middle of storming the gates to the city.
Daniel 5:3 Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which was at Jerusalem; and the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them.
Whether he believed in the God of Daniel or not he was still mocking our Father because he knew where those vessels came from and what they were used for.
Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Praising everything made by our Father but not praising Father Himself. These are the same items that the statue was comprised of in the dream that Nebuchadnezzar had in chapter 2.
Daniel 5:5 In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king's palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote.
As they sat there drinking, no doubt, fairly inebriated by this time, this hand appeared and began writing on the wall. Talk about something that will make your jaw drop open, this should do it. And being half drunk to boot? My goodness.
Daniel 5:6 Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.
So that the joints of his loins were loosed. Yep. Not only did his jaw probably drop open, he actually wet his britches on top of that and his knees began to knock together! That’s a man that is truly frightened.
That party was over!
Daniel 5:7 The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spake, and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.
That’s a very high position within the kingdom, third in line to the crown. Scarlet always representing royalty, as does purple.
Daniel 5:8 Then came in all the king's wise men: but they could not read the writing, nor make known to the king the interpretation thereof.
Our Father sent us a writing and it’s called the Word of God. Many people say that it’s too hard to understand. They shy away from the book of Revelation because the symbology scares them. But they’ll turn around and go to the movies and watch carnage from beasts from outer space that, with computer graphics today, can look quite real and scary. But they’ll sit right there anyway.
So, I think this scary thing is just a ruse, a fabricated reason NOT to read that book. And, most times, the symbology is explained just a few verses down the page, so what can be scary about that?
“Oh, it’s the blood and destruction and all that that scares me.”
Have you seen the movie Hacksaw Ridge? Did you get up and walk out on that feature? Probably not. Please.
They are intentionally stopping themselves from understanding His Word and I believe it’s just laziness. They could take the time and start with the Gospels. Nothing scary or difficult to understand in those four books.
And how can you possibly expect to receive any of His blessings when you ignore the information that explains to you as to how to make Him happy.
Daniel 5:9 Then was king Belshazzar greatly troubled, and his countenance was changed in him, and his lords were astonied.
His countenance was changed. The Hebrew says that the brightness of his face changed. No doubt to a scowl. Astonied means perplexed or astonished.
Daniel 5:10 Now the queen, by reason of the words of the king and his lords, came into the banquet house: and the queen spake and said, O king, live for ever: let not thy thoughts trouble thee, nor let thy countenance be changed:
She was probably the queen-mother, Nitocris. She’s advocating calmness in this situation.
Daniel 5:11 There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers;
This pretty much tells us that the promotion that was promised by Nebuchadnezzar never came to fruition or else he would have been better known.
Daniel 5:12 Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and shewing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he will shew the interpretation.
Daniel had this knowledge and wisdom ONLY because our Father gave it to him.
Daniel 5:13 Then was Daniel brought in before the king. And the king spake and said unto Daniel, Art thou that Daniel, which art of the children of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of Jewry?
Some will say that Jewry is a foreign word that it is not in the Manuscripts but it is Aramaic and means to be from or of Judea:
✡ Jewry_ OT:3061 Yehuwd (Aramaic) (yeh-hood'); contracted from a form corresponding to OT:3063; properly, Judah, hence, Judaea:
Daniel 5:14 I have even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods is in thee, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom is found in thee.
Time has passed since Daniel gave the interpretation to Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the statue and people seem to have slipped back into their old ways.
Daniel 5:15 And now the wise men, the astrologers, have been brought in before me, that they should read this writing, and make known unto me the interpretation thereof: but they could not shew the interpretation of the thing:
Only our Father could know the contents of the dream because He, no doubt, placed it in the kings’ mind and only Daniel will be able to explain it, through the Holy Spirit.
Daniel 5:16 And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make interpretations, and dissolve doubts: now if thou canst read the writing, and make known to me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about thy neck, and shalt be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Daniel is going to be elevated here. He had already been at one time.
Daniel 5:17 Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give thy rewards to another; yet I will read the writing unto the king, and make known to him the interpretation.
Daniel doesn’t want these gifts because the king will be dead shortly and probably won’t have fulfilled these promises by that time anyway. Besides, what earthly gift could compare to being used by Father Himself to interpret this dream for the king?
Daniel 5:18 O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour:
Most high God....`illay 'elahh Two words in the Aramaic language and it means the supreme God. This is who gave the grandfather, Nebuchadnezzar, his kingdom. And he was a servant of the Living God.
How do we reconcile this? This is history of ancient times and our Father is working within that realm, showing us that He is real, He is in control, He still sits on His Throne and He does the same thing today. The difference is that we don’t have a written record of His workings that He does among us today.
We are not history yet, we are present. But it shows us, without doubt, that He loves us and is still among us, although only His Spirit works with us today.
Daniel 5:19 And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.
He was a great king but he did this because GOD ALLOWED IT.
Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:
Pride will take you down every time.
Daniel 5:21 And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild asses: they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of men, and that he appointeth over it whomsoever he will.
Humbled to the point of grazing in the meadows like a beast of the field. Father is talking about Nebuchadnezzar here, not this present king, Belshazzar.
Daniel 5:22 And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this;
Grandson. He knew what our Father had put him through but he didn’t learn a lesson from it. Didn’t learn a thing from what He did to his grandfather.
Daniel 5:23 But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:
Against the Lord of heaven …you mocked Him.
Whose hand thy breath is …..you mocked the very entity that holds YOUR life in HIS hands. The one that ALLOWS him to live.
Daniel 5:24 Then was the part of the hand sent from him; and this writing was written.
The fingers from the hand of our Father.
Daniel 5:25 And this is the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN.
These are the words that those fingers wrote on the wall.
Daniel 5:26 This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it.’
Let’s make sure that we understand exactly what these Aramaic words mean;
✡ MENE_OT:4484 mene' (Aramaic) (men-ay'); passive participle of OT:4483; numbered:
✡ TEKEL_ OT:8625 teqal (Aramaic) (tek-al'); corresponding to OT:8254; to balance:
✡ UPHARSIN_OT:6537 perac (Aramaic) (per-as'); corresponding to OT:6536; to split up:
So, what do we have? Numbered, Weighed and Divided. His kingdom is finished. Remember Jeremiah 27:6-7?
Ref: Jeremiah 27:6 And now have I given all these lands unto the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him.
Ref: Jeremiah 27:7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him. KJV
Daniel 5:27 TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.
You don’t measure up as a king of anything. All you are is a sodden drunk, misleading people and desecrating the vessels of our Father's house and you’re worthless. And besides that, you’re a coward. You fall apart at the appearance of Almighty God. You shamed yourself.
Daniel 5:28 PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.
Now, what have we here? This word PERES wasn’t mentioned above as being one of the words written on the wall.
✡ PERES_OT:6537 perac (Aramaic) (per-as'); corresponding to OT:6536; to split up: KJV - divide, [U-] pharsin.
✡ Root Word_OT:6536 parac (paw-ras'); a primitive root; to break in pieces, i.e. (usually without violence) to split, distribute:
In the Strong’s definition of UPHARSIN, above, you’ll notice that Upharsin IS perac and it’s simply the difference in the word dividers being in the singular or the plural, as in divide. To a linguist, which I am not, that’s probably pretty important, but to you and I and our understanding of the verses, it doesn’t have much of an effect.
I brought this to your attention ONLY because I’m a stickler for details and I just HAD to explain it as best I could.
The kingdom will be split between the Medes and the Persians. One will take half, the other will take half. It’s divided. It’s gone.
Daniel 5:29 Then commanded Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with scarlet, and put a chain of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Won’t amount to much but the king kept his promise and gave Daniel the gold chain and made him 3rd in line to the crown. And by believing in Daniel he had to know that he was going to get thumped by our Father and it’s too late to do anything about it.
Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
That self-same night he was killed.
When Cyrus, the king of Persia, made his advance towards Babylon, he decided to come in from behind in a secondary assault. So, he diverted the Euphrates River, to dry up the river bed, and went into the city from below.
And while the king Belshazzar and all his princes and astrologers and such were getting drunk on wine, served to them in the sacred Temple vessels, Cyrus and his troops entered in, through the back door of the palace, so to speak, and killed him.
Daniel 5:31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old.
That was quite a chapter, wasn’t it? There are certain people that think the Bible is a bunch of hogwash, and here we see that history and Scripture go hand in hand. In other places we have evidence that science and Scripture works hand in hand as well.
I was on the web last night, doing some research, and came across a popular Christian site and there it was again, in black and white, their belief that this world is only 6000 years old. It is pitifully sad that Christians are still taught that by the religious hierarchy.
People probably are not interested enough to do the research for themselves, so they act like parrots, mimicking the speech patterns, the words, of some ignorant preacher, who is probably mimicking what he was taught in some school of religion.
Father taught us, in this chapter, that if you depend on yourself and the world ONLY, that you’ll probably end up on the road to destruction. King Belshazzar didn’t learn a single thing from his grandfather and his interworking with the Father.
He ignored Him, used the vessels from the Temple to get drunk with, and ended up having Father take away, not just his person possessions and family members, like He did with Job, but took away an entire kingdom from him.
We live on a much smaller scale than that but even so, we should trust in our Father implicitly in all things that we do. He is the ONLY One that we can trust with such completeness. If you do that with the world, Satan will kick your butt from Alabama to Washington state and back again.
It’s good to tell Him that you love Him, it’s better if you SHOW Him that you love Him and you do that by reading the Book of instructions that He gave to all of us and then living your life accordingly.
Can’t wait to get into chapter 6.
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