The Book of Isaiah

Chapter 28

Bible Study-ISA-Chapter 28

Alternating Woes with our Father’s Glories

     Chapters 28 thru 33 are almost one continuous prophesy giving the destruction of Ephraim, the Ten Northern Tribes, the turning away from our Father by Judah, the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin.

     It will give the danger of their relationship with Egypt because they look to them for help and security and not our Father; the trouncing they will take from Assyria because they don’t look to the Father; and, after chastising them once again, He will deliver them out of danger and destruction.

     Let me take just a second to list the Tribes that, collectively, are called Ephraim, the Ten Northern Tribes, also called the House of Israel... We have:

Reuben     Simeon     Dan     Naphtali     Gad     Asher     Issachar     Zebulun     Ephraim     Manasseh


   Joseph isn’t mentioned as a tribe but his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh are. These ten Tribes are sometimes referred to as Ephraim because it was the largest of all Ten Tribes. These are the Tribes that would be taken into captivity by the Assyrians, later they will migrate across the Caucasus Mountains into Europe, and would come to be known as Caucasians.

     This chapter, 28, concerns the time just before the 6th year of Hezekiah’s reign as king.

     Isaiah 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!

     Who or what is the crown of pride? It’s the city of Samaria, the capitol of the Ten Northern Tribes. And on a different take-off,  it was customary for those drinking wine at feasts and festivals in that area, to wear a “crown of pride”, placed on top of the head and positioned just above their eye brows. The people were generally drunkards LITERALLY and acted LIKE drunkards metaphorically.

     Why was it called a crown? Because of the towers of defense that were built completely around the city, forming a ring or a crown.

     What is the fading flower? It’s a wilting flower and it’s not going to produce fruit. This is a description of the Ten Tribes. How can a bunch of drunkards produce anything except a hangover? They’re certainly not doing the Father’s work.

     Pride is going to be the downfall of Samaria and the Ten Tribes, just as it was the cause of Satan’s fall in the first heaven/earth age. Quite the reason that you and I are in these flesh and blood bodies today. Our soul would much rather be back up in heaven with the Father but that opportunity will happen sooner than you think. Don’t blow it by loving the things of this world more than the Father.

     Isaiah 28:2 Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one, which as a tempest of hail and a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters overflowing, shall cast down to the earth with the hand.

     Father is going to come down on them, in judgment, like a ferocious hail storm. Remember the destruction caused by hail in Revelation?

     Ref:  Revelation 16:21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great. KJV

     It won’t BE that way here but it will be LIKE the hail from Revelation. By the way, a hail stone that weighs a talent will be about 100 pounds. Talk about destruction!

     The mighty and strong one is Assyria and they shall overcome Israel and take them into captivity. Father uses whomever He chooses to chastise His children. But the Assyrians had better not overdo the chastisement or the hand of the Father will come back on them.

     Isaiah 28:3 The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:

     Father sums it up pretty precisely. Overcome by the Assyrian army. Many feet.

     Isaiah 28:4 And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

     The Assyrian is going to gobble up Israel. The more they disobeyed the Father and the drunker they became, the lower they would sink. This goes back to what I said earlier about the enemy not overdoing the punishment because Shalmaneser intends to literally destroy Samaria, not just conquer and leave.

     Satan is also called the Assyrian and he also is going to gobble up as many of our Father's souls as possible.

     What is this fat valley?

        Fat-- OT:8081shemen (sheh'-men); from OT:8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively, richness:

     Samaria sat up on a knoll with a lower area beside it, much like a valley. It was a prosperous area, full of fatness and richness.

     Isaiah 28:5 In that day shall the Lord of hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people,

     Isaiah changes the subject here and turns his attention to Judah.

     In that day…Father apparently doesn’t want us to forget that these prophesies happen leading up to the Lord’s Day because the phrase in that day is used 43 times in this book.

     Judah is being compared to Israel in a much more favorable light. What does diadem mean?

        Diadem-- OT:6843 tsephiyrah (tsef-ee-raw'); feminine formed like OT:6842; a crown (as encircling the head); also a turn of affairs (i.e. mishap):

     Our Father is that crown of glory and Judah IS the residue of His people because it will be through Judah that the Savior will be born.

     A lot of people don’t understand that not all 12 Tribes are Jewish. It’s commonly thought that if you were born in Israel that you were automatically a Jew but that’s not so. Only someone born through the bloodline of  the Tribe of Judah is a Jew; all the other 11 Tribes are Hebrews.

     If our Father plays favorites with any one tribe it’s Judah because His Son will come through that lineage.

     Isaiah 28:6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

     The gate is where the judging is performed and through our Father, the judges mete justice out fairly. The gate is one of the entranceways into a city. Just so happens that Jerusalem has 12 of them.

     Hmmm. I wonder why there's 12? C'mon, you can figure that out, can't you?

     When Judah’s army defends themselves they drive the enemy all the way back to their own gates.

     Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.

     So far our Father has been coming down hard on Israel but Judah is not without their own sin. Judah’s judges cannot make a sound judgment when their brain is awash with wine.

     And, bear in mind, it’s a sin for us to judge someone. You can discern but you cannot judge because with whatever yardstick you use on someone else, the same yardstick will be used on you by our Father. Here’s what our Lord had to say about it:

     Ref:  Matthew 7:1 Judge not, that ye be not judged.

     Ref:  Matthew 7:2 For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again. KJV

     What does out of the way mean? Their minds are so messed up on wine that they judge not according to good council or good practices. Established practices set forth by our Father.

     Isaiah 28:8 For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness, so that there is no place clean.

     These tables were set up to be sacrificial tables at the Feast of Tabernacles. They were supposed to put the harvest on these tables and thank our Father for the blessings of a good crop and they’re covered with vomit.

     Yep, that’s a description of being at the bottom. So far away from our Father, it might seem that they’ll never get back in His good graces again. But do you know what? He WILL take them back because He still loves them and one day after they unscramble their brain, they will repent and both they and our Father will be the happier for it.

     You can never get so far away from our Father that He will not take you back. Repentance and forgiveness. His everlasting love. It’s always there.

     And why shouldn’t they act the way that they do? They surely don’t have any spiritual guidance from the priests. They got so lazy that they let the Nethinim practically be in charge of the Temple!     

     We learned about them back in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. The Nethinim were lay people that did the daily chores, the mundane chores around the Temple so that the Levitical priests could dedicate 100% of their time in serving our Father. But the priesthood got lazier and lazier and allowed the Nethinim more latitude than they should have had.  

     Ref:  Ezra 8:20 Also of the Nethinims, whom David and the princes had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nethinims: all of them were expressed by name. KJV

     When the captivity was over, Ezra was leading them all back to Jerusalem and he stopped for three days to take stock on who was traveling with him and come to find out there was not one priest among the entire lot:

     Ref:  Ezra 8:15 And I gathered them together to the river that runneth to Ahava; and there abode we in tents three days: and I viewed the people, and the priests, and found there none of the sons of Levi. KJV

     Pretty sad. No leadership at all from the priests.

     Isaiah 28:9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.

     Here we have a mocking call by the people concerning Isaiah. You need to understand this or you might become confused. They think that he’s talking to them like little children and they’re mocking him.

     Whom shall he teach knowledge? The people speaking about Isaiah. We’re being treated like a bunch of little kids.

     Isaiah 28:10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:

     The mocking by the people continues. They repeat precept upon precept and so on, in a sing-song fashion.

     Isaiah 28:11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people.

     The people continue.

       Stammering-- OT:3934 la`eg (law-ayg'); from OT:3932; a buffoon; also a foreigner:

     It can also mean jabbering. Nothing coordinated. Take a little from this book, a little from that book….sounds kinda like preachers today. A couple of verses this Sunday, a couple of different verses next Sunday. How on earth can anyone make any kind of cohesive sense out of our Father’s Word that way?

     You can’t. I know that there are probably some preachers that really know the Scripture quite well. Many may even speak Hebrew but it’s all for naught if you don’t pass that knowledge on to others.

     And usually, the church will dictate what the sermon will be about on any given Sunday. Yeah, they might have to do a little research to fill in and make a thirty-minute sermon out of it but hey. It’s a job.

     Teaching complete chapters at a time would bore most people to death, so capturing their attention for forty-five minutes on a Sunday morning may be all that they’ll stick around to hear. That’s what makes you so special. You WANT cohesion; you want something that will stick in your mind long after you’ve studied it.

     And the best part about it is that you and I will be standing side by side during the Millennium with not one hair moved out of place. We might even say to one another:

     "Man, did you see what just happened?"

     And boy, does that make our Father proud of you! Every time you pick up the book and read it He probably puts a gold star beside your name in the Book of Life and some of you may have page after page of gold stars. When I was a child I had a teacher that used to do that if my homework was really good.

     And on Judgment Day, instead of being sentenced to non-existence in the Lake of Fire, you’ll receive one reward after another. Your life in the eternity is going to be so very, very special. Father will show us things so awesome we may become confused as to whether it’s all real or not. But we know that it will be.

     Our Father speaking in the next verse…

     Isaiah 28:12 To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.

     They wouldn’t listen to the Word of our Father. Reading it and studying it is spiritually and emotionally refreshing.

     Isaiah 28:13 But the word of the Lord was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

     You’re supposed to study the Word slowly, carefully and with understanding, learning what our Father has to say and not what the traditions of some church might have to say. The words of men are meaningless and they can make you fall backward, making you vulnerable to Satan and ending up being snared and taken.

     Isaiah 28:14 Wherefore hear the word of the Lord, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem.

     The priests were committed to teaching the law to the people and it was also AGAINST the law for the priest to drink wine before going into the Temple. So it shall be during the Millennium:

     Ref:  Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court. KJV

     Isaiah 28:15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

     “We’re going to fly away. We’ve got it made.”

     These lies of the church, the fly-away doctrine, the rapture theory and the any-moment doctrine are designed to give people a false sense of spiritual security. After spending years attending church they are still spiritually ignorant and deep down many of them know it and it scares them.

     But they comfort themselves with these three lies and behind these lies, they have hidden themselves. But there is still doubt in many people’s minds. They just can’t buy the entire package presented by the church.

     Anyone who knows that Satan/Antichrist is the false messiah will not make a covenant with death. They can’t be taken in by the lies of Satan/Antichrist.

     This word death is just another name for Satan:

     Ref:  Revelation 6:8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth. KJV

     Since it’s always good to have a second witness, here’s another verse:

     Ref:  Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; KJV

     Through the ages of time, spiritual knowledge has increased and that makes everyone more accountable. The lies of the church SEEMINGLY were harmless years ago because the generation of the fig tree had not yet arrived.

     But since May of 1948, when Israel established her international borders for the second time, the good and bad fig started to return to Israel and Jerusalem, and that DID begin the generation of the fig tree and that made everything thereafter time-critical.

     Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

     Who our Father is talking about here is the Messiah, our Lord Jesus Christ.

     He that believeth shall not make haste. He’s not going to be one of those fruits that ripen out of season as in 28:4.

      Haste-- OT:2363 chuwsh (koosh); a primitive root; to hurry; figuratively, to be eager with excitement or enjoyment:

     A lot of people make haste and tend to become exuberant after first being saved and I know that it’s a great feeling but the spiritual high will soon dissipate and life will go back to normal. The human mind cannot sustain exuberance all the time, it would be physically and mentally exhausting.

     Our Father just told us NOT to make haste, NOT to be overly exuberant. It takes time to mentally build your relationship with Him. Start slowly, start daily, be continuous and over time you will begin to feel the closeness with Him.

     Something else that I learned, from personal experience, is when you pray, pray for others. Don’t keep asking and asking and asking. He knows what you want before you even begin your prayers. Pray that He does something for someone else. You will see results that benefit you after a while.

     Father gave Solomon a choice of wisdom or great riches. He chose wisdom so he could rule and council Father’s children and what did our Father do? He blessed him with great riches as well as wisdom.

     Isaiah 28:17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.

     Plummet refers to a plumb bob:

      Plummet-- OT:4949 mishqeleth (mish-keh'-leth); or mishqoleth (mish-ko'-leth); feminine of OT:4948 or OT:4947; a weight, i.e. a plummet (with line attached):

     What He’s saying is that He will make judgment the line and righteousness the plumb-line.

     What is this hail all about? It’s a part of His divine judgment:

     Ref:  Revelation 16:21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great. KJV

     Not only removes the lies but everything else that is vile and evil and the followers of Satan/Antichrist, having had five-months of glorious deception, will curse and blaspheme our Lord as He descends from the sky and clouds and stands on Mount Zion.

     Man, what a moment that is going to be. After waiting for centuries, it is finally here.

     Isaiah 28:18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.

     What happens when you disannul a contract or a marriage? It’s of no effect thereafter. It’s null and void. Our Father disannuls those contracts or agreements during the Millennium.

     Maybe, in this life, they got caught up in the lies of the church and Father protected many of them even during this lifetime but when they get to the Millennium they will have 1000 years to see the truth and many of them will have a change of heart and disannul their relationship with Satan on their own.

     Our Father gives us this Millennium because He loves each of us so much and He doesn’t want to see any of us walk into the Lake of Fire with Satan and the angels.

     Isaiah 28:19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only to understand the report.

     To understand what report? To understand the teachers, such as Isaiah that they’re mocking, and Father will put a stop to it. When? In just a short time.

     The people, in general, didn’t believe Isaiah when he told them that the scourge was coming. And if it did come, they didn’t believe that it would last all that long.

           Vexation-- OT:2113  zeva`ah (zev-aw-aw'); from OT:2111; agitation, fear:

           Root Word-- OT:2111 zuwa` (zoo'-ah); a primitive root; properly, to shake off, i.e. (figuratively) to agitate (as with fear):

     And it scares the hell out of them just to HEAR that report from Isaiah.

     Isaiah 28:20 For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it: and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it.

     Not only is the truth that’s taught in the Millennium going to scare some, it’s also going to make them uncomfortable.

     Isaiah 28:21 For the Lord shall rise up as in mount Perazim, he shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that he may do his work, his strange work; and bring to pass his act, his strange act.

     We’ve got to go back to 2nd Samuel and Joshua to understand what made our Father so angry:

     Ref:  2nd Samuel 5:20 And David came to Baal-perazim, and David smote them there, and said, The Lord hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baal-perazim. KJV

     Our Father kicked some Philistine butt there.

     Ref:  Joshua 10:10 And the Lord discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Beth-horon, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah. KJV

     Father kicked the butt of five kings of the Amorites.

     What makes this a strange act is that He is going to kick the butts of some of His children here.

     When the Father takes the time to send good teachers, and Isaiah was a good teacher, to instruct the people on how He wants them to live, to please Him, and they mock that teacher or prophet, someone is going to have to pay the price.

     Isaiah 28:22 Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord God of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.

         Bands-- OT:4147 mowcer (mo-sare'); also (in plural) feminine mowcerah (mo-say-raw'); or mocerah (mo-ser-aw'); from OT:3256; properly, chastisement, i.e. (by implication) a halter; figuratively, restraint:

     The bands become tighter to where they begin to cut into the skin.

      Consumption--OT:3617 kalah (kaw-law'); from OT:3615; a completion; adverb, completely; also destruction:

       Root Word--OT:3615 kalah (kaw-law'); a primitive root; to end,

     Isaiah says that our Father may just make a destruction across the entire face of the earth. Seems like He’s just about had it with these people.

     Have you ever made Him that angry? Is He happy with what’s being preached and taught in the church that you go to? Are they teaching what the churches of Philadelphia and Smyrna taught? Because, out of seven churches, they were the only two that pleased Him more than the others.

     “Well, what were they teaching there?”

     Why don’t you know the answer to your own question? If you had become familiar with chapter 3 of Revelation you might just have the answer. They were teaching the people about the Kenites.

     Ref:  Revelation 3:8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

     Ref:  Revelation 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

      Who was doing that? The Kenites were.

     Ref:  Revelation 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. KJV

      What is that hour of temptation? It’s the five-month tribulation period of Satan/Antichrist. And He’s going to watch over you and protect you and keep you safe during that entire period.

     Why haven't they told you about that in your church? That's some pretty important information. It might just keep your soul out of the Lake of Fire.

     Isaiah 28:23 Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear my speech.

     Listen! I’m going to give you a proverb and it has to do with people.

     Isaiah 28:24 Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? doth he open and break the clods of his ground?

     Verse 25.

     Isaiah 28:25 When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and rie in their place?

     Each of them in their place. They didn’t mix them up.

     You wouldn’t do all that back-breaking work and then not plant something, would you? Of course not.

     Father is explaining to us that He deals with different people in different ways and that’s as it should be. And like many other times, He uses horticulture to explain it to us. That’s why sometimes it’s easier for country people to understand certain verses because they are more familiar with farming and planting and harvesting.

     Isaiah 28:26 For his God doth instruct him to discretion, and doth teach him.

     He knows how to plant, when to plant and when to harvest. And the irony of it all is that our Father told us about crop-rotation thousands of years ago. We didn’t start doing it until the middle 1500s A.D.

     Isaiah 28:27 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

     You don’t harvest grapes off the vine with a huge farm tractor going down the rows. It would destroy everything. Father deals differently with all people, that’s what He wants us to get out of this.

     Isaiah 28:28 Bread corn is bruised; because he will not ever be threshing it, nor break it with the wheel of his cart, nor bruise it with his horsemen.

     You don’t keep pounding corn into meal over and over again because it will soon turn to powder. Same applies to people. Push them too hard for too long and instead of teaching them something, you’ll run them off.

     Isaiah 28:29 This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working. KJV

     His purpose with people is the same as with this husbandman.


—28 July 2016—

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